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The North East part of Ethiopia is the paleo anthropological, great geological, cultural, and mineral site. This corner of the country is where the Great Rift Valley forms the triangle (Afar Triangle that is 160000 km2 in area) and the three tectonic plates meet. Although this region is very hot, the Afar people have been living for many years in this arid homeland. Their main subsistence activity is herding cattle, agricultural activity along Awash River and flat fertile fields. They use meat, milk of camels, cows and goats as their main diet. They move from place to place depending up on the season in search of water and grass for their livestock. The Afar Region is noted for large concentration of fossils, lakes, mineral salts, active volcano, Lava Lake, low depression, and different mineral substances.

Erta Ale – the Lava Lake

ertal2Erta Ale is a volcano that rises to elevation of 613 m a.s.l. It contains 0.7 X 1.6 km elliptical summit crater with several steep-sided pit craters, one of them containing a lava lake. It is the longest existing lava lake and is surrounded by an area below sea level. Its lava lake is erupts continuously and the most colorful and spectacular eruption is seen at mid night.


Dallol is located in the Danakil Depression in North East Ethiopia, in a remote area subject to the highest average temperature on the planet. It lies 120 m below sea level. The Dallol area encompasses Dallol mountain (which rises about 60 m above the surrounding salt plain), different mineral substances, and “Black Mountain.” Dallol Mountain thought to have been formed as the result of intrusion of a basaltic magma body underneath. There are deposits in the Dallol area include potash in the form of Sylvite, Carnallite, Kainite; sulphur, mineral salt, and fumarolic deposits. It is incredible to see the bubbling hot spring of sulphur, potash, and mineral salts.

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